Title : English Idioms ④


face up to (inseparable)
admit to; take responsibility for.
You can't pretend that you're doing OK in this course, Joe. Sooner or later, you'll have to face up to the fact that you're failing it.

fall through (no object)
not happen. (Note: describes something that was planned but didn't happen.)
We had originally intended to go to Mexico for our vacation, but our trip fell through when I got sick.

feel up to (inseparable)
feel strong enough or comfortable enough to do something.
I know the accident was a terrible shock. Do you feel up to talking about it?

figure out (1. separable)
logically find the answer to a problem; solve a problem by thinking about it carefully.
For a long time I couldn't understand the last problem, but I finally figured it out.

figure out (2. separable)
understand why someone behaves the way she/he does.
I can't figure Margie out. Sometimes she's very warm and friendly and sometimes she acts as if she doesn't know me.

fill in (1. separable)
add information to a form.
The office needs to know your home address and phone number. Could you fill them in on this form?"

fill in (on) (2. separable)
supply information that someone doesn't know.
I wasn't able to attend the meeting yesterday, but I understand that it was important. Could you fill me in? / Could you fill me in on what was discussed?

fill in for (inseparable)
temporarily do someone else's work; temporarily substitute for another person.
Professor Newton is in the hospital and won't be able to teach for the rest of the term. Do you know who's going to fill in for her?

fill out (1. separable)
complete a form by adding required information.
Of course I completed my application! I filled it out and mailed it over three weeks ago!

fill out (2. no object)
become less thin; gain weight.
Jerry used to be really skinny, but in the last year he's begun to fill out.

find out (about) (inseparable)
learn / get information (about).
I'm sorry that you didn't know the meeting had been canceled. I didn't find out (find out about it) myself until just a few minutes ago.

get across (separable)
make something understood;communicate something understandably.
Alan is really intelligent but sometimes he has problems getting his ideas across.

get along (with) (inseparable)
have a friendly relationship (with); be friendly (toward).
Why can't you and your sister get along? Everyone else gets along with her just fine!

get around (1. inseparable)
avoid having to do something.
Teresa got around the required math classes by doing well on a math proficiency test.

get around (2. no object)
move from place to place.
She doesn't have a car. She gets around by bicycle, bus, or taxi.

get around to (inseparable)
do something eventually.
I really should wash the dishes, but I don't feel like it. Maybe I'll get around to them tomorrow morning.

get by (no object)
survive, financially, in a difficult situation.
It's going to be hard to pay the rent now that you've lost your job, but somehow we'll get by.

get in (1. inseparable)
enter a small, closed vehicle.
I don't know where Carole was going. She just got in her car and drove away.

get in (2. no object)
arrive.
Do you know what time Fred's plane gets in?

get on (inseparable)
enter a large, closed vehicle.
I'm sorry, but you're too late to say goodbye to Angela. She got on the plane about 20 minutes ago.

get off (1. inseparable)
leave a large, closed vehicle.
When you get off the bus, cross the street, turn right on Oak Street, and keep going until you're at the corner of Oak and Lincoln Boulevard.

get off (2. separable)
be excused (for a period of time) from work, class, or other regularly scheduled activities.
Some schools got President's Day off but ours didn't. We had classes as usual.

get off (3. separable)
make it possible for someone to avoid punishment.
Everyone knew he was guilty, but his lawyer was clever and got him off

get out of (1. inseparable)
leave a small, closed vehicle.
There's something wrong with the garage door opener. You'll have to get out of the car and open it by hand.

get out of (2. inseparable)
escape having to do something.
Lisa said she had a terrible headache and got out of giving her speech today.

get over (1. no object)
finish. (Note: for individual activities, not ones that happen again and again.)
What time do your classes get over?

get over (2. inseparable)
recover from an illness or painful experience.
Katy was really upset when she failed the test. She thought she would never get over feeling so stupid.

get rid of (1. inseparable)
dispose of; give away or throw away.
That shirt is really ugly. Why don't you get rid of it?

get rid of (2. inseparable)
dismiss someone; fire someone from a job; cause someone to leave.
The treasurer of the XYZ company was spending too much money so the company president got rid of him.

get up (usually no object; with an object, separable)
leave bed after sleeping and begin your daily activities.
You'll have to get up much earlier than usual tomorrow. We have to leave by no later than 6:00 AM.
I know I won't hear the alarm tomorrow morning. Can you get me up at 6:00 AM?

give up (1. separable)
stop doing something (usually a habit).
He knows smoking isn't good for his health, but he can't give it up.

give up (2. no object)
decide not to try (unsuccessfully) to solve a problem.
A: What's black and white and red all over?
B: I give up. What?
A: An embarrassed zebra!

go out with (inseparable)
have a date with.
You went out with Sharon last night, didn't you?

go with (1. no object)
look pleasing together. (Note: for clothes, furniture, etc.)
You should buy that shirt. It will go well with your dark brown suit.

go with (2. no object)
date regularly and steadily.
Is Gina going with Jim? I see them together all the time.

goof off (no object)
be lazy; do nothing in particular.
A: Do you have any special plans for your vacation?
B: No. I'm just going to stay home and goof off.

grow up (1. no object)
spend the years between being a child and being an adult.
Did you know that Frank grew up in Malaysia?

grow up (2. no object)
behave responsibly; behave as an adult, not a child.
A: Lee really irritates me sometimes. He's really silly and childish.
B: "I agree. I wish he would grow up.


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등록일 : 2020-03-23 08:31:54

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